The Gaza–Israel conflict is a part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The conflict began in 2005 and 2006 when the Islamist political party Hamas was elected in the Gaza Strip. 

The current conflict began in May 2021, when tensions between the two sides escalated after Israeli police raided the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, one of the holiest sites in Islam, during Ramadan. 

This led to protests and clashes between Palestinians and Israeli police, which then escalated into rocket attacks by Hamas, the militant group that governs Gaza, on Israeli cities. 

Israel responded with airstrikes on Gaza, which have resulted in significant damage to infrastructure and loss of life. 

The situation is complex and has deep historical roots, with both sides claiming the right to self-determination and control over the land.