India’s spacecraft once again attempting to reach the Moon. On Friday, Chandrayaan-3 was launched with the objective of reaching the Moon. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) claims that the launch and initial separation were successful.
India has made two previous attempts to reach the Moon but those space missions failed to land on the lunar surface. Despite these setbacks, the country’s enthusiasm for exploring the Moon remains high, prompting further research efforts.
In this current mission, India’s indigenously developed spacecraft began its journey from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre on Sriharikota Island, Andhra Pradesh.
If this mission is successful, India will become the fourth country to achieve a lunar landing. The Soviet Union, the United States, and China have already touched the lunar surface.
If everything goes as planned, Chandrayaan-3 will reach the southern pole of the Moon on August 23rd or 24th.
According to Al Jazeera, experts have outlined three phases for this mission. The first phase focuses on a safe landing on the lunar surface. If successful, it will pave the way for future plans.
In the second phase, a rover will separate from the spacecraft and become active on the surface of the connected lunar body. In the third phase, the rover will communicate with the control center and collect data about the lunar terrain.
The rover has been named “Pragyan,” meaning “wisdom,” and the lander is called “Vikram.”
BBC explains how Chandrayaan-3 will reach the Moon. After launching from Sriharikota, the rocket successfully separated from Earth’s surface. The process of leaving Earth’s orbit has now begun.
Afterward, the spacecraft will orbit Earth at a high speed, repeatedly circling around, gradually moving towards the Moon’s orbit. Once it enters the lunar orbit, it will continue to orbit the Moon and advance towards the lunar surface.
In the proximity of the lunar surface, in the second phase, the lander will separate from the spacecraft. Then, after landing in the vicinity of the lunar surface, the rover will begin its work.
According to NASA, there have been 70 successful lunar missions since 1958. However, there have also been numerous failed attempts. Most of these missions resulted in the spacecraft crossing Earth’s orbit and getting destroyed.
During the space race between the Soviet Union and the United States, there was intense discussion about reaching the Moon. It was during that competitive era in space when the United States made the historic declaration of landing humans on the Moon.
Since then, no lunar missions took place in the 1980s. Japan joined the race in 1990 by attempting to reach the Moon. After 2000, China, India, and the European Space Agency sent spacecraft to the Moon’s orbit.
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) broadcasts the launch of the spacecraft directly on their YouTube channel.
This endeavor highlights India’s commitment to space exploration and scientific advancement. By aiming for the Moon, India joins the select group of nations that have successfully reached Earth’s satellite. The Soviet Union, the United States, and China have already made their mark on the lunar surface.
India’s spacecraft embarking on the path to the Moon represents a significant milestone in the country’s space exploration journey. With Chandrayaan-3’s launch, India reaffirms its commitment to scientific advancement and pushes the boundaries of human knowledge. This mission reflects India’s determination to explore and understand the mysteries of our celestial neighbor. As we eagerly anticipate the success of Chandrayaan-3, we look forward to the valuable insights it will provide and the contributions it will make to the global scientific community. India’s endeavors in space exploration inspire us all and remind us of the boundless possibilities that lie beyond our planet.
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